According to a paper SPIRITUAL GEOPOLITICS: FR. EDMUND WALSH AND JESUIT ANTICOMMUNISM, by Gearóid Ó Tuathail / Gerard Toal, Department of Geography, Virginia Tech.:
By the early twentieth century, the leadership of the Catholic Church was at war with the modern world. The tone was established by the papal declarations of Pius X condemning "Americanism" in 1899 and repudiating the heresy of "modernism" in 1907. Within the Jesuits, the anti-modernist creed was lead by Father Wlodimir Ledochowski who governed the society as its Superior General from 1915 to his death in 1942. The son of Polish nobility serving the Habsburg court, Ledochowski embodied the reactionary sentiments of old regime Catholicism (MacDo nough 1992, 65-68). Writing after the collapse of the Habsburg empire in 1919 he argued that "all is tottering in modern society..., modern society resembles in its wretchedness the poor paralytic of
Remember that Ledochowski uses terms as “God and religion” and “Christ and His Church” as synonyms for the Roman Catholic Church, he decries the independence of secular governments from the Roman Catholic Church, and for freethinkers.
During the German invasion of Poland (1939), special action squads of SS and police (the Einsatzgruppen) were deployed in the rear, and arrested or killed civilians caught in offering resistance against the Germans or considered capable of doing so, as determined by their position and social status. Tens of thousands of government officials, landowners, clergy, and members of the intelligentsia — teachers, doctors, journalists, and others (both Poles and Jews) — were either murdered in mass executions or sent to prisons and concentration camps. German army units and "self-defense" forces composed of Volksdeutsche also participated in executions of civilians. In many cases, these executions were reprisal actions that held entire communities collectively responsible for attacks on German forces or the murder of ethnic Germans. More than 20,000 members of the intelligentsia were murdered in Operation Tannenberg alone.Poles, Victims of the Nazis
Did perhaps Ledochowski target the better educated Poles via the brutal 3rd Reich occupation as a result of his anti-modernist creed?
Wlodimir Ledochowski's Plausible Counter Reformation Strategy