Saturday, June 27, 2015

Rome's 20th Century Pharmacratic Inquisition



Angelo Francois Mariani born December 17, 1838, dies April 1, 1914, creates and markets Vin Mariani Coca Leaf Extract Wine, starting in 1863 in his apothecary in Paris, initially to over stressed female vocal instructors.  Vin Mariani uses Coca Leaf extract (which contains the alkaloid cocaine as Coffee contains the alkaloid caffeine or Tobacco the alkaloid nicotine).  A stronger version released later, Elixir Mariani uses Coca leaf extract augmented with isolated cocaine that is nonetheless still in dilute form.

Isolated cocaine in CONCENTRATED forms came out in 1884, and was soon found to have dangers absent with DILUTE cocaine such as that in Coca leaf, Coca leaf extract products.  Of course that would also be true with concentrated caffeine or nicotine.  Yet largely because cocaine is also an anesthetic, it is employed in various ways in anesthesia, including its INJECTION as a nerve block, leading to the discovery of its toxic-maniac properties in such dosing infinity higher than in oral infusions or chewing or smoking Coca leaves.  This leads to a the emergence of a double standard came about- one useful for the Coffee-tea-Tobacco status quo. Yet one that had little political traction outside the Tobacco Belt -- such as the U.S. State of Georgia passing a nicotine-protectionist ban on cocaine in any form without a prescription in 1902 -- until 1904-1905.

DILUTE cocaine in the form of products as Vin Mariani were well regarded.

It contained extract of Coca leaves, with 6 milligrams of the alkaloid cocaine per fluid ounce.

It was found to be an effective and safe product, endorsed by prestigious medical doctors for a variety of uses, starting as a vocal aid for opera performers. Its uses included that as a treatment for addictions to Opium, alcohol and even Tobacco. In Paris, Mesureur, the French Ex-Minister of Commerce, and the current (in 1910) Director of Hygiene and Public Health, who approved and signed the French government's radical poster campaign against alcoholism, would state that:
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/coca-to-combat-opiate-alcohol-and.html
“The dangers of alcoholism would be avoided if no other stimulant were taken for mental or physical trials than that offered by the generous."

“I have also employed it in cases, happily rare in our army, of chronic alcoholism resulting from the abuse of brandy, absinthe or strong liquors. The produced all the excitement sought by drinkers, but had at the same time a sedative influence on their nervous systems. I have frequently seen hardened drinkers renounce their fatal habit and return to a healthy condition." "I have also used to save smokers of exaggerated habits, from nicotinism. A few glasses of taken in small doses, either pure or mixed with water, acted as a substitute for pipes and cigars, because the smokers found in it the cerebral excitement which they sought in tobacco, wholly preserving their intellectual faculties."
The amount of cocaine was absorbed slowly, resulting in a relatively long lasting effect that ebbed away gently without depressive rebound or craving- as seen with cocaine in concentrated doses- hence it did not produce addictive toxic-mania behavior. Furthermore, because cocaine is a powerful anesthetic, its consumption in this oral dilute form discouraged excessive consumption as this anesthetic action would numb one’s stomach, reducing one’s appetite for more.

The negative effects of concentrated cocaine were observed shortly after its commercial introduction about 1884, particularly with its administration via subcutaneous injection.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/drug-warriors-ignore-pharmacokinetics.html
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/crystalline-gleam-in-eyes-of-fathers-of.html

The widespread demonification of cocaine from delightful alternative to caffeine to a poison of abuse would be achieved by the manipulations of the Vatican- the acceptance of such a demonifcation by many 'Protestant' and 'Christian' churches a testimony to the influence of Rome.








That political push against cocaine per se came on the heels of the Vatican awarding Angelo Mariani gold papal medal as a 'benefactor of humanity" for the second time- 1st in January 1898 and then in January 1904.  Such a medal was what was shown in the 1983 movie Godfather III.
http://continuingcounterreformation.blogspot.com/2008/07/roman-catholic-church-cocaine.html
This time line involving the mid 1904 emergence of a fevorish ant-"cocaine" push from within the U.S. may have been the result of a falling out between Mariani and the Vatican.

Looking at a geo-political historic map, this may have been connected to the Vatican's planned counter reformation war - St Bartholomew Day's Massacre redux for Eastern Germany and by extension the lands of historic Poland.  With France generally mad at the newly united Deutschland for their defeat in the 1870-1871 Franco-Prussian War and France's loss of Alsace Lorraine, that would have been  logical matter for someone in the Vatican to bring up with someone from France that they were currying favor with.
http://continuingcounterreformation.blogspot.com/2014/10/the-plausible-falling-out-between.html

The political push against cocaine per se visibly emerged in the United States of America.  This was primarily through the figure of Harvey Washington Wiley- Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry (the forerunner to today's U.S. Food and Drug Administration) of the United States Department of Agriculture- and a figure as well within the private lobbying groups the American Medical Association and the American Pharmaceutical Association.

The American Medical Association had long established itself as a highly questionable organization dedicated to hoodwinking the general public in order to bloat its profit margins.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2015/02/the-ama-needs-to-be-sued-for-criminal.html

A review of his papers as U.S. National Archives II in College Park Maryland just outside Washington, D.C. indicates that Wiley began a sharp uptake in focusing upon "cocaine" in mid-1904.

 Enshrining Quackery:
Harvey Washington Wiley of the USDA-AMA-APhA

By "cocaine" it is meant cocaine IN ANY FORM- REGARDLESS OF THE POTENCY REGARDLESS OF HOW DILUTE.   One can read about disasters with ultra concentrated cocaine dosing starting in 1884 and the commercial introduction of CONCENTRATED cocaine powders and various physician experimentations with such- particularly anesthesiologists INJECTING cocaine as a nerve block leading to extreme levels of intoxication.  But Wiley was going after DILUTE cocaine in the form of Coca products which presented cocaine in a fashion comparable to that of caffeine in Coffee or nicotine in Tobacco- modes of "cocaine" use shown by the 3,000 year history of the use of coca leaves and the some 4 decades of Vin Mariani was no more dangerous then the comparable use of those other stimulant plants.


Wiley, who had been head of the USDA Bureau of Chemistry since 1883 had previously expressed little or no interest in Coca and cocaine until 1904-1905.


Harvey Wiley was quite well connected.  His resume:
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/04/harvey-wiley-resume-1915.html

It was mere month's after the 2nd Papal Medal to Mariani that Wiley adopted an absolutest stance against cocaine REGARDLESS OF THE DILUTENESS-CONCENTRATION FACTOR- something completely neglected by several generations of drug treatment hucksters who foolishly defined-frame cocaine as a so called drug of addiction, ignoring that ANY stimulant used in concentrated form would be deleterious.
 http://southmallblogger.blogspot.com/2014/09/the-essence-of-quackery-2-blurred.html
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/tobacco-lands-conveinent-confusion-of.html

Scapegoating cocaine - rather than noting the dangers of the drug in concentrated form served multiple agendas.

It was NOT about drug abuse.

Rather it was about drug CONTROL- via the demonification of the natural herbs given to mankind by God and their replacement with refined concentrates and with synthetics- pharmaceuticals.

Focusing upon cocaine would serve to distract from the dangers of CONCENTRATED drugs- thus serving a market shift from bulky liquid herbal preparations to pills, particularly synthetics- aka pharmaceuticals.

Focusing upon cocaine to demonify Coca without regard to the concentration factor likewise served another goal of protecting Tobacco- which like Coca is also a stimulant, and though far far more potent and toxic largely precluding its use in beverage form like Coca or Coffee, is chewed or smoked- which happened to be two uses as well for Coca.   While Tobacco had a significant market head start over Coca owing to it being less prone to spoilage in shipping, even then, there was a growing negative view of Tobacco as unhealthy, and sales of machine mass produced Tobacco cigarettes, inaugurated about 1884 (ironically about the same time of the start of the mass marketing of cocaine) had been slow for those 2 intervening decades.   USDA experiments by the start of 1904 would demonstrate what was already easy to figure out: that Coca was a threat to U.S. agriculture.  For it did not make a very good potential domestic crop for agriculture within the U.S. due to its susceptibility to frost.  And it was increasingly being touted as an alternative to Tobacco.





This pharma-tobacco political alliance would be marked in part by the many Tobacco cigarette advertisements appearing within medical journals.
http://southmallblogger.blogspot.com/2012/08/drug-war-cigarette-mercantilism.html
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2012/12/the-evil-prohibition-to-promote.html

Such advertisements, featuring images of physicians in white coats endorsing certain brands of Tobacco cigarettes with such claims as "less harsh" made it clear that this was an endorsement by the organized medical profession.  Such advertisements were widespread in such publications as The New England Medical Journal for over 4 decades well into the mid 1950s.



A key thrust of the post 1904 propaganda campaign to convince the public that bulky liquid herbal presentations, and such naturally based substances as Opium and Coca were "bad" was the demonification of "narcotics" (EXCLUDING alcohol!!!) and "cocaine" - of which Opium and Coca respectively contained, and of the vilification of the bulky medicinal preparations with pejoratives such as "snake oil' , "nostrums" and "patent medicines".

Of course when a substance is available in ultra concentrated form such is infinity more likely to be abused.  Imagine replacing Coffee, anything else containing caffeine and Tobacco with Blast caffeine powder or Black leaf 40.  Or alcoholic beverages with only with near the maximum proof, let alone in forms to be taken unconventionally such as by smoking alcohol vapors, injection or suppositories.

Such a policy to demonify a substance leading to a ban on the substance and any mixture containing that substance is only going to shift markets and use towards such extreme uses leading to infinity increased percentages of abuse- yet somehow be seen as a policy of fighting rather than encouraging drug abuse.  Then, figure in that the banned substances are actually intrinsically safer then those that are not when we factor in the substance potency concentration factor.

In other words a fair comparison between say alcohol and opium or caffeine and nicotine must account for the substances form and mode of use- something completely disregarded by the great 'war on drugs'.

Likewise with licit forms of drugs replacing bulky Opium tonics with ultra concentrated pain medication pills replaces a less abusable for of a drug with a far more greatly abusable form- made only worse via the officially sanctioned adulteration of opiate pills with potentially liver damaging tylonol.

Such is the essence of the satanic lie of the drug prohibition crafted in the early 20th century.

Such a propaganda thrust that conveniently ignored discussing any possible health issues with Tobacco cigarettes would likewise serve as a free pass for such, as can be seen with what would soon happen with the respective sales of these different classes of products.

One of the first efforts of this propaganda campaign was the AMA's creation of its "Council on Pharamcy" in 1905, which it touts as follows:
http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/about-ama/our-history/ama-history-timeline.page

AMA establishes Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry to set standards for drug manufacturing and advertising and fight the war on quack patent medicines and nostrum trade.
"Quack" was a favorite AMA pejorative against those profiting from alternative medicines that were supposedly worthless or dangerous- whether called 'nostrums" "snake oil" or "patent medicines" - in other words those who manufactured products based upon herbs.  Never-mind that the term in fact correctly referred to the practices of the AMA, which depended upon confusing the public to engender support for its market control legislative schemes for medicine that required such.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/new-dark-ages-mis-definition-of-patent.html

One of the first products that this 1905 created AMA "Council on Pharmacy" attacked was Vin Mariani -though not with any actual showing that the Coca wine was either worthless or dangerous, but rather upon a technicality.

Accordingly Vin Mariani was 'misbranded' .  How?  Because it was advertised as a French product- which it actually was as defined by the geographical origin of its initial formulation.  However, Vin Mariani sold in North America was compounded and bottled in Manhattan New York, with the identical ingredients used originally in France: the same Bordeauz wine from France, with the same origin of Coca leaves from South America, perhaps shipped directly to North America without first being sent to Europe.  This charge of 'misbranding' would be juxta-positioned with baseless accusations that the product was "worthless".
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/new-dark-ages-ama-apha-crusade-against.html
“Vin Mariani creates and sustains vigor and energy. Guards against wasting diseases. When everything else has failed try it to prove its merits.” “Lung, Throat and Stomach Troubles benefited by Vin Mariani; this Ideal French tonic strengthens entire system of Body, Strengthening, Refreshing,.”

WHY BLAME THE LAYMEN FOR USING NOSTRUMS?

Can we blame the laymen for using peruna, wine of cardui, etc, simply because they are advertised, when there are physicians who, for the same reason, prescribe concoctions that are just as quackish and useless? And can editors of medical journals consistently find fault with newspapers for carrying advertisements of fraudulent “patent medicines” when they themselves admit to their pages advertisements of nostrums that are no less fraudulent and of no more value?
This AMA Council on Pharmacy Report dismisses Vin Mariani's, therapeutic applications, without supplying any information that Vin Mariani and/or coca was either useless or somehow dangerous, nor why 30+ years of favorable to coca medical review in medical journals mattered less then the AMA’s assumption that a substance was somehow bad because the AMA had labeled it a “nostrum”. Such an attitude implied inferiority and obsolesce for a medical pharmaceutical political alliance crafted to promote refined and synthetic “medications”.

Instead this AMA report would funnel its inquisition of Vin Mariani via a charge of "misbranding" because the bottles were embossed “Paris, France”, whereas while the product was the formulation – recipe – of Vin Mariani as initially created and manufactured in Paris, France, Vin Mariani sold in the United States and Canada was not French as far as its point of manufacturer was concerned; for while Vin Mariani sold in Europe was still made at Mariani's plant in Neuilly-Sur-Seine outside Paris's west end, the wine sold in the U.S. was made in New York City, at Mariani's factory at 52 West 15th Street, with the mixing of the identical ingredients of identical origins: Bordeaux from France, and Coca extract made at Mariani’s Neuilly-Sur-Seine, France facility from Coca leaves imported from Peru. It would make no such recommendation for a modification to any such Vin Mariani description as say, French Formulation, Compounded and Bottled In Manhattan, N.Y.

The above AMA Council of Pharmacy and Chemistry’s attacks on what it termed “patent medicines”, and on the American Proprietary Association, this was but a part of a campaign against proprietary medicines- generally herbs – as reflected by the following March 10, 1910 Journal American Medical Association editorial for combating the "evil" of the proprietary medicine business. "Proprietary medicines," consisting generally of blends of organic substances such as Coca leaves that it was felt that the general adult public had no right to purchase.

This Council of Pharmacy and Chemistry was but part of an organized campaign through the AMA/APhA and the USDA and the William Randolph Hearst media empire to convince the public to support surrendering their market choice for the sake of a political alliance including that of other substances undeniably “habit-forming” but never acknowledged by Wiley and Company as such, e.g. refined white power sugar and Tobacco.

It wrapped itself in the mantle of protecting the public health, but would betray this to defend favored political-economic interests, as marked by the glaring inconsistencies in logic, such as that between cocaine and caffeine and nicotine, along with the relative health effects of coca versus these other commodities- particularly Tobacco.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/04/wiley-nostrums-quackery.html

This AMA campaign against Vin Mariani was but a part of a larger campaign against preparations that wer based upon herbs and which were bulky- in short tonic beverages.

In addition to theAMA-APhA, what were the two main media promoters of this new drug market control scheme?

Colliers magazine, and the media empire of William Randolph Hearst- both pro Papist!
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collier%27s

Irish immigrant Peter F. Collier (1849–1909) left Ireland at age 17. Although he went to a seminary to become a priest, he instead started work as a salesman for P. J. Kenedy, publisher of books for the Roman Catholic market. When Collier wanted to boost sales by offering books on a subscription plan, it led to a disagreement with Kenedy, so Collier left to start his own subscription service. P.F. Collier & Son began in 1875, expanding into the largest subscription house in America with sales of 30 million books during the 1900-1910 decade.[3]

In April 1888, Collier's Once a Week was launched as a magazine of "fiction, fact, sensation, wit, humor, news". By 1892, with a circulation climbing past the 250,000 mark, Collier's Once a Week was one of the largest selling magazines in the United States. The name was changed to Collier's Weekly: An Illustrated Journal in 1895. With an emphasis on news, the magazine became a leading exponent of the halftone news picture. To fully exploit the new technology, Peter Collier recruited James H. Hare, one of the pioneers of photojournalism. ...

Colliers became the vehicle for much of the USDA-AMA-APhA drug market control scheme propaganda against herbal medicine. starting October 7, 1905, with its initial publication of the first in an 11 part series of articles by the writer Samuel Adams Hopkin, ironically titled: "The Great American Fraud." 
In the present number we print the first article in "The Great American Fraud" series, which is to describe thoroughly the ways and methods, as well as the evils and dangers, of the patent medicine business. This article is but the opening gun of the campaign, and is largely introductory in character, but it will give the reader a good idea of what is to come when Mr. Adams gets down to peculiarities. The next article, to appear two weeks hence, will treat of "Peruna and the 'Bracers'," that is, of those concoctions which are advertised and sold as medicines, but which in reality are practically cocktails.
Since these articles on patent medicine frauds were announced in Collier's some time ago, most of the makers of alcoholic and opiated medicines have been running to cover, and even the Government has been awakened to a sense of responsibility. A few weeks ago the Commissioner of Internal Revenue issued an order to his Collectors, ordering them to exact a special tax from the manufacturer of every compound composed of distilled spirits, "even though drugs have been added thereto." The list of "tonics," "blood purifiers" and "cures" that will come under this head has not yet been published by the Treasury Department, but it is bound to include a good many of the beverages which, up to the present time, have been soothing the consciences while stimulating the palates of the temperance folk. The next official move will doubtless be against the opium-sellers; but these have likewise taken fright, and several of the most notorious "consumption cures" no longer include opium or hasheesh in their concoction.[3]
This series was subsequently republished again and again by the AMA.
NOSTRUMS AND QUACKERY

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

In the latter months of 1905 the first of a series of articles appeared in Collier's, dealing with what was well named the Great American Fraud — that is, the nostrum evil and quackery. These articles ran for some'months and, when completed, were reprinted in booklet form by the American Medical Association. Tens of thousands of these books have been sold and there is no question that the wide dissemination of the information contained in the Great American Fraud series has done much to mitigate the worst evils of the "patent medicines" and quackery. How hard these forces of evil have been hit is. indicated by the organized attempt on their part to discredit and bring into disrepute the American Medical Association by means of speciously named "leagues" organized by those who are now or have in the past been in the "patent medicine" business, ostensibly to preserve what has been miscalled "medical freedom."

A few years before the first of the Collier's articles appeared, the American Medical Association commenced a campaign against the proprietary evil that existed within the medical profession. After cleaning to a marked degree this Augean stable, the Association extended its activities to the investigation of the more widely spread evil of "patent medicines" and quackery. It should be understood that in many cases there is no clear line of demarcation between what are commonly known as "patent medicines" and the "ethical proprietaries." As has been shown time and. again, it is not unusual for a nostrum first to be exploited only to the medical profession—as an "ethical proprietary." After a sufficient number of testimonials have been received from unthinking physicians the promoters of the nostrum advertise their wares direct to the public—as a "patent medicine." Again, some nostrum exploiters prefer to exploit their products exclusively through the medical profession, never advertising direct to the laity. On the other hand, there have been a few cases in which nostrums have first been marketed to the public direct and later have been advertised either under the same or a different name to physicians.

Many of the articles that have appeared in The Journal of the American Medical Association during the last few years, dealing with quackery or "patent medicines," have been reprinted in pamphlet form for distribution to the laity. As the number of these pamphlets increased, it was thought desirable to bring all this matter together in one book. The present volume is the result. Mr. Adams' "Great American Fraud" articles aimed to cover the whole subject of- quackery and the nostrum evil in as broad and general a way as possible. From the nature of the ease, it was impossible to give very much space to any one fraud. The present book differs in just this respect from the Collier's reprint. While but comparatively few concerns are dealt with, they are shown up with special reference to the details of their fraudulent activity. By this means light has been thrown into the innermost recesses —the holy of holies of quackery. It is believed that a perusal of the cases here presented will so plainly show the fraud, the greed and the danger that are inseparable from ''patent medicine" exploitation and quackery that the reader must perforce be protected in no small degree from this wide-spread evil.

While most of the matter here given is the result of work done directly by the American Medical Association, we have not hesitated to take advantage of the splendid work done by the Post Office Department through the agency of the fraud order and also of that done by the federal and state officials in enforcing national and state pure food laws. It is an unfortunate fact that much of the valuable work done by officials entrusted with the execution of the Food and Drugs Acts is buried in official documents that never reach those to whom such work is of the greatest value. We make no apology, therefore, for presenting in as popular a form as is consistent with scientific accuracy, the results of much of this work. In addition to these sources of information we have quoted freely from the reports that have appeared in the British Medical Journal on nostrums and quackery.

For the purpose of classification, this book has been divided into three general departments; the first deals with quackery, the second with nostrums, while the third contains miscellaneous matter that did not seem to belong to either of the other two divisions. Actually, there is no clear line between these divisions. While, as a general tiling, the preparations classed as nostrums are such as are sold through the medium of drug stores, yet, in a few cases, they are sold by the manufacturer— or, more commonly, the exploiter—direct. On the other hand, while we have classed under quackery those concerns which profess to diagnose and treat disease, some of these institutions also list their medicaments with the wholesale and retail drug firms. The divisions, therefore, are purely arbitrary.

Just a word as to the distinction made between proprietary medicines and "patent medicines." Strictly speaking, practically all nostrums on the market are proprietary medicines and but very few are true patent medicines. A patent medicine, in the legal sense of the word, is a medicine whose composition or method of making, or both, has been patented. Evidently, therefore, a patent medicine is not a secret preparation because its composition must appear in the patent specifications. Nearly every nostrum, instead of being patented, is given a fanciful name and that name is registered at Washington; the name thus becomes the property of the nostrum exploiter for all time. While the composition of the preparation, and the curative effects claimed for it, may be changed at the whim of its owner, his proprietorship in the name remains intact. As has been said, a true patent medicine is not a secret preparation ; moreover, the product becomes public property at the end of seventeen years. As the term "patent medicine" has come to have a definite meaning to the public, this term is used in its colloquial sense throughout the book. That is to say, all nostrums advertised and sold direct to the public are referred to as "patent medicines"; those which are advertised directly only to physicians are spoken of as "proprietaries."
Colliers Magazine's ironically titled "The Great American Fraud" - smearing herbally based products as 'deadly'
made no mention of the impending sharp rise in Tobacco cigarette use

This was the laying of the groundwork for the modern  of pharmaceutical patent drugs synthetic and extra expensive.  The entire series was reprinted by the American Medical Association in an ironically named book, The Great American Fraud, which sold 500,000 copies at 50 cents each.
 Many of the articles that have appeared in The Journal of the American Medical Association during the last few years, dealing with quackery or "patent medicines," have been reprinted in pamphlet form for distribution to the laity. As the number of these pamphlets increased, it was thought desirable to bring all this matter together in one book. The present volume is the result. Mr. Adams' "Great American Fraud" articles aimed to cover the whole subject of- quackery and the nostrum evil in as broad and general a way as possible. From the nature of the ease, it was impossible to give very much space to any one fraud. The present book differs in just this respect from the Collier's reprint. While but comparatively few concerns are dealt with, they are shown up with special reference to the details of their fraudulent activity. By this means light has been thrown into the innermost recesses —the holy of holies of quackery. It is believed that a perusal of the cases here presented will so plainly show the fraud, the greed and the danger that are inseparable from ''patent medicine" exploitation and quackery that the reader must perforce be protected in no small degree from this wide-spread evil.

While most of the matter here given is the result of work done directly by the American Medical Association, we have not hesitated to take advantage of the splendid work done by the Post Office Department through the agency of the fraud order and also of that done by the federal and state officials in enforcing national and state pure food laws. It is an unfortunate fact that much of the valuable work done by officials entrusted with the execution of the Food and Drugs Acts is buried in official documents that never reach those to whom such work is of the greatest value. We make no apology, therefore, for presenting in as popular a form as is consistent with scientific accuracy, the results of much of this work. In addition to these sources of information we have quoted freely from the reports that have appeared in the British Medical Journal on nostrums and quackery.

For the purpose of classification, this book has been divided into three general departments; the first deals with quackery, the second with nostrums, while the third contains miscellaneous matter that did not seem to belong to either of the other two divisions. Actually, there is no clear line between these divisions. While, as a general tiling, the preparations classed as nostrums are such as are sold through the medium of drug stores, yet, in a few cases, they are sold by the manufacturer— or, more commonly, the exploiter—direct. On the other hand, while we have classed under quackery those concerns which profess to diagnose and treat disease, some of these institutions also list their medicaments with the wholesale and retail drug firms. The divisions, therefore, are purely arbitrary.

Just a word as to the distinction made between proprietary medicines and "patent medicines." Strictly speaking, practically all nostrums on the market are proprietary medicines and but very few are true patent medicines. A patent medicine, in the legal sense of the word, is a medicine whose composition or method of making, or both, has been patented. Evidently, therefore, a patent medicine is not a secret preparation because its composition must appear in the patent specifications. Nearly every nostrum, instead of being patented, is given a fanciful name and that name is registered at Washington; the name thus becomes the property of the nostrum exploiter for all time. While the composition of the preparation, and the curative effects claimed for it, may be changed at the whim of its owner, his proprietorship in the name remains intact. As has been said, a true patent medicine is not a secret preparation ; moreover, the product becomes public property at the end of seventeen years. As the term "patent medicine" has come to have a definite meaning to the public, this term is used in its colloquial sense throughout the book. That is to say, all nostrums advertised and sold direct to the public are referred to as "patent medicines"; those which are advertised directly only to physicians are spoken of as "proprietaries."
In a nut-shell:

Proprietary Medicines- made with un-patentable natural herbs

Patent Medicines- made with patentable synthetic molecules.

The USDA-AMA-APhA was placing a negative spin upon natural based medicines, for the sake of promoting patentable synthetics.

Central to the true medical quackery of the AMA-APhA was a near blind faith in such synthetics as 'modern' medicine:
http://southmallblogger.blogspot.com/2014/05/the-essence-of-quackery-1929-quote.html

Written in a lurid sensationalist style, the ironically named "the Great American Fraud" was based upon the deception of confusing proprietary medicine and patent medicines and an attitude against Opium and Hashhish- Canabis, leaving us only pharmaceuticals, Tobacco, Coffee-caffeine and ALCOHOL

It would have a powerful impact paving the way to the following year's new U.S. national legislation establishing this new drug control scheme via granting new powers over the food and drug supply by granting new powers to the USDA USDA Bureau of Chemistry: the  Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)

Key to this 1906 US Act in enshrining medical quackery was its granting vast unchecked power to the USDA Bureau of Chemistry to effectively ban substances from interstate commerce for the purpose of declaring products as either misbranded or adulterated
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/04/harvey-wileys-1906-us-food-drugs-act.html
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/04/wiley-nostrums-quackery.html

This scheme was likewise promoted through not only via Colliers Magazine, but also the publishing empire of William Randolpf Hearst- with both Collies and Hearst being quite pro-Roman Catholic.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/knights-of-new-dark-age-usda-apha-ama.html

Was it just a mere coincidence that such propaganda was disseminated by the two largest pro Papist media entities of Colliers and Hearst?!

And was it such regarding where Wiley travel in 1906, in the months before the signing into ;aw of the U.S. Pure Food and Drugs Act-, and the at the time Jesuit Superior General Luis Martin died of a horrific death from cancer: ROME.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/04/wiley-in-rome-april-1906.html
CHEMISTS TO MEET IN ROME.

Washington, D. C, December 30.—The Sixth International Congress of Applied. Chemistry, which meets every three years, will convene in Rome Easter Monday, 1906. The congress meets there at the invitation of and under the patronage of the Italian (government, and the King of Italy will be present to open the session.

A cordial invitation to attend the meeting has been received from King Victor Emmanuel, which has followed the regular course, passing through the Italian embassy and tbe State Department to Dr. H. W. Wiley, Chief of the Bureau or Chemistry, who is chairman of the American committee of the section.

Dr. Wiley said of the forthcoming congress:
"The meeting of the Sixth International Congress of Applied Chemistry is a matter in which American chemists are interested, for, as a matter of fact, there will be not less than 100 of the lending chemists of this country in attendance."
This puts Harvey Wiley in Rome right at the time of the death of the leader of the Roman Catholic religious order that runs Washington, D.C.'s oldest university with the greatest participation in the U.S. government.
In 1905, a tumor forced the amputation of his right arm. Pope Pius X granted him permission to celebrate mass despite his disability, a privilege for which he was most grateful. The cancer, however, soon invaded his lungs and he died in Rome, on 18 April 1906.
http://continuingcounterreformation.blogspot.com/2011/01/luis-martin-sj-punishment-for-drug-war.html
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/04/post-1906-demise-of-us-coca.html

This horrific death by cancer of the Jesuit Superior General in 1906 could have been an omen for the satanic design of that year's US Pure Food and Drugs Act:
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/04/harvey-wileys-1906-us-food-drugs-act.html

On the surface the Act empowered the USDA to insure the illegality of the interstate commerce in foods and drugs that were "misbranded" or "adulterated".

How it was structured gave the USDA vast power to declare a substance as dangerous and thus effectively illegal as a food product, without any checks and balances, such as a requirement of some scientific basis.
SEC. 4

That the examinations of specimens of foods and drugs shall be made in the Bureau of chemistry of the Department of Agriculture, or under the direction and supervision of such Bureau, for the purpose of determining from such examinations whether such articles are adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this Act; and if it shall appear from any such examination that any of such specimens is adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause notice thereof to be given to the party from whom such sample was obtained. Any party so notified shall be given an opportunity to be heard, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed as aforesaid, and if it appears that any of the provisions of this act have been violated by such party, then the Secretary of Agriculture shall at once certify the facts to the proper United States district attorney, with a copy of the results of the analysis or the examination of such article duly authenticated by the analyst or officer making such examination, under the oath of such officer. After judgment of the court, notice shall be given by publication in such manner as may be prescribed by the rules and regulations aforesaid.

[IOW who ever was in Wiley's position as Chief Chemist at the US Department of Agriculture could declare a substance "bad" and thus ban it from interstate commerce]
A food could be so declared as "adulterated" arbitrarily:
SEC. 7

That for the purposes of this Act an article shall be deemed to be adulterated:

In case of drugs:

First. If, when a drug is sold under or by a name recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National formulary, it differs from the standard of strength, quality, or purity, as determined by the test laid down in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary official at the time of investigation: Provided, That no drug defined in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary shall be deemed to be adulterated under this provision if the standard of strength, quality, or purity be plainly stated upon the bottle, box, or other container thereof although the standard may differ from that determined by the test laid down in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary.

Second. If its strength or purity fall below the professed standard or quality under which it is sold.

In the case of confectionery:

If it contains terra alba, barites, talc, chrome yellow, or other mineral substance or poisonous color or flavor, or other ingredient deleterious or detrimental to health, or any vinous, malt or spirituous liquor or compound or narcotic drug.

[IOW- anything containing what the USDA wished to supress, without of course any backing science]

In the case of food:

First. If any substance has been mixed and packed with it so as to reduce or lower or injuriously affect its quality or strength.

Second. If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part for the article.

Fifth. If it contain any added poisonous or other added deleterious ingredient which may render such article injurious to health: Provided, That when in the preparation of food products for shipment they are preserved by any external application applied in such manner that the preservative is necessarily removed mechanically, or by maceration in water, or otherwise, and directions for the removal of said preservative shall be printed on the covering or the package, the provisions of this act shall be construed as applying only when said products are ready for consumption.

[IOW- anything containing what the USDA wished to suppress, without of course any backing science]
Of course that Act would be cleverly written to establish the USDA Bureau of Chemistry's control over drugs that were included in the US Pharmacopea.  Coca and cocaine had been added, and Tobacco EXCLUDED from that a year earlier in 1905.
SEC.6

That the term “drug,” as used in this Act, shall include all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease of either man or other animals. The term “food,” as used herein, shall include all articles used for food, drink, confectionery, or condiment by man or other animals, whether simple, mixed, or compound.

[IOW "drugs" excluding Tobacco, since it was dropped from the USP in 1905- a mere one year earlier as if perhaps in anticipation of the 1906 Act; and "foods" which would technically exclude Tobacco as the plant matter is considered too toxic to actually swallow]

It was also disingenuous with its labeling requirement  while seemingly innocuous its inclusion of some ingredient and the exclusions of others created a false presumption against the former and for the latter e.g. cocaine had to be labeled but neither caffeine or nicotine.
 SEC. 8

That the term “misbranded,” as used herein, shall apply to all drugs, or articles of food, or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear any statement, design, or device regarding such article, or the ingredients or substances contained therein which shall be false or misleading in any particular, and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as the State, territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced.

That for the purposes of this Act an article shall also be deemed to be misbranded:

In the case of Drugs:

First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the name of another article.

Second. If the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed, in whole or in part, and other contents shall have been placed in such package, or if the package fail to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any alcohol, morphine, opium, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta eucaine, chloroform, cannabis indica, chloral hydrate, or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substances contained therein

In the case of food:

First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article.

Second. If it be labeled or branded so as to deceive or mislead the purchaser, or purport to be a foreign product when not so, or if the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed in whole or in part and other contents shall have been placed in such package, or if it fail to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any morphine, opium, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta eucaine, chloroform, cannabis indica, chloral hydrate, or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substances contained therein.

[IOW- anything containing what the USDA wished to suppress, without of course any backing science- thereby allowing the USDA to serve its first and foremost role as a protector of U.S. domestic agriculture, thereby allowing them to demonifiy say "cocaine" while ignoring/protecting "caffeine" and "nicotine" - AGRICULTURAL MERCANTILISM]
So medicated candies became illegal.  Even if sold only to adults.

And food products - such as beverages - could be declared illegal if not labeled to their Cannabis, cocaine or opiate content, which some manufactures would fail to label owing to the perception that it unfairly stigmatized these substances for not including other substances in this labeling requirement.

So, owing to this stigmatization by the labeling requirement's lack of equal protection under the law- e.g. if cocaine content should be labeled, than so likewise should other stimulants as caffein and nicotine, many failed to label, owing to the perception that this labeling requirement unfairly stigmatized these substances for not including other substances.- leading to USDA prosecutions for mislabeling.


But the Act did not criminalize food products that contained Cannabis, Opiate or cocaine, and only criminalized such if they failed to label such.

Yet it's empowerment of the USDA Bureau of Chemistry under section 7 regarding "adulteration" - If it contain any added poisonous or other added deleterious ingredient which may render such article injurious to health -- would be easily abused.

Simply declare cocaine unsafe, without any mention of dilution-concentration factor whatsoever.
Koca Nola

This was a syrup for flavoring soda water and similar "soft drinks" put up by a company of the same name at Atlanta, Ga. This "Delicious Dopeless Koca Nola"—as the label had it —was found to contain cocain. Cocain being deleterious to health, was declared an adulteration under the act so that the Koca Nola Company was found guilty on two points: (1) failing to declare the presence of cocain and (2) adulteration. The Government made two seizures and the company was found guilty in each case and a fine of $25 on each count was imposed, making the total $100.—[Notice of Judgment, No. 202.]
Celery Cola

Celery-Cola, marketed by the Birmingham Celery Cola Company of Birmingham, Ala., was another soft drink found to contain cocain and caffeine. The government contended that as cocain was a poisonous and deleterious ingredient, the product was adulterated and as the proportion or quantity of cocain was not declared on the label it was also misbranded.— [Notice of Judgment, No. 326.]

Such prosecutions did not involve excessive dosing.

Koca Nola and Celery Cola for instance each contained under 1 milligram of cocaine per fluid ounce.

Since cocaine was an ingredient required to be listed- how could it be declared an illegal ingredient, its presence automatically constituting "adulteration"?!   Should not the prosecutions as those against Coca Nola and Celery Cola have then been only for "misbranding"?

Whether or not a product even labeled its cocaine content apparently would not shield it from prosecution by Wiley's USDA Bureau of Chemistry- at least for such in food products as beverages, as with the prosecution of the manufacturers of a product named"Dr. Don's Kola":
Dr. Don's Kola

This product, which was sold as a flavoring extract for "soft drinks," was shipped by the Warner-Jcnkinson Company of St. Louis from Missouri to Michigan. When analyzed by the Government chemists, the product was found to be a syrupy liquid consisting essentially of cocain, caffein, phosphoric acid, sugar, flavoring and coloring agents, and water. It contained no substance derived from the cola nut or cola plant. In view of the fact that it contained cocain, a dangerous drug, the stuff was declared adulterated and, inasmuch as it contained no product of the cola nut. it was further declared misbranded. The defendant entered a plea of guilty and a fine was imposed.—[Notice of Judgment, No. 724.]
That prosecution apparently made no mention of any failure to label the cocaine content, being cited for "mislabeling" only insofar as failing to contain its labeled Kola nut.

Wiley's USDA prosecutions specifically argued against any amount of cocaine in product not strictly sold as a drug- e.g  that as a beverage to be consumed like Coffee or a daily stimulant, like Coffee or Tobacco, such as with the following prosecutor's jury charge a 1910 case against the Birmingham Celery Cola Company of Birmingham, Alabama:

As Celery Cola is intended for a beverage and not a drug, you have the right in determining this question to consider the injury from the probable and repeated use of the article as a beverage, rather than its rare and occasional use as a drug.
So the USDA could go after food-beverages for containing cocaine even if labeled because it was a food used regularly, rather than a medicine used infrequently, never-mind that the labeling requirement would imply that the substances were legal so long as properly labeled.

The de facto irrelevance of the labeling requirement regarding Wiley-USDA prosecutions for "adulteration" was most evident with his highly publicized prosecution for such of the manufactures of Coca Cola for containing caffeine in isolated form added dilutely to beverages, to spread terror through the beverage industry over the USDA flexing is muscle to protect not only Tobacco but as well Coffee and tea,via via Wiley's famous prosecution of Coca Cola for containing such caffeine as an "added deleterious ingredient", despite caffeine NOT being one of the substances that the 1906 act required to be labeled, with Wiley only making this claim against isolated yet dilute caffeine and not that in coffee tea etc.
What is a drug habit? .... The habit-forming drugs which are most extensively used are alcohol, nicotine and caffeine. If we class as drug addicts those who have acquired the habit for one or more of these drugs the number of them in the United States would be very close to half or two-thirds of the population. When we speak of drug addicts, however, we usually have in mind a more restricted sense and refer rather to those who are slaves to opium or the coca leaf and their derivatives. ... I would not favor of any restrictive legislation respecting tobacco and tea and coffee, except in so far as children are concerned. [box 201 - Harvey Wiley papers]
All of this would be sufficient to cow a good portion of the coca products market to take what they saw was an easy way out, to eliminate the cocaine alkaloid from their product’s formulations – regardless of whether isolated or as a natural component of coca, if not eliminate the coca product altogether.

Such was the option taken with Vin Mariani, which in 1907 in U.S. markets was of a revised formulation, without cocaine, with a then new label on the bottle’s rear side, stating:
GUARANTEED BY MARIANI & CO. UNDER THE FOOD AND DRUGS ACT, JUNE 30, 1906 VIN MARIANI [MARIANI WINE] 17 PER CENT. ALCOHOL BY VOLUME AN IMPORTED FRENCH BORDFEAUX WINE WITH A SPECIAL PROCESSING OF LEAVES OF ERYTHROXYLON COCA PREPARED AND BOTTLED AT OUR NEW YORK LABORATORY MARIANI AND COMPANY PARIS, FRANCE: 41 Boulevard Haussmann. NEW YORK: 52 West 15th Street. TO THE MEDICAL PROFESSION:

THE STANDARD OF MARIANI PREPARATIONS, established by us in France nearly half a century ago, is based upon the adaptation of Coca as employed by the Andeans during hundreds of years as a force sustainer. WE HAVE ALWAYS emphasized our use of Coca leaves chosen for their AROMATIC and MEDICAL qualities and, as we have never considered the negligible content of the alkaloid in such leaves essential to our formula, our processing completely eliminates it from this preparation. AMERICAN LABEL ADOPTED 1907
“… as we have never considered the negligible content of the alkaloid in such leaves essential to our formula, our processing completely eliminates it from this preparation.”

But that was a backfire as it would come across as some sort of admission that cocaine or the narcotic was somehow too dangerous to tolerate in an dilute product.

Such USDA abuse of the 1906 Act, and such retreat as that with Vin Mariani, led to a dwindling number of Coca product manufacturers to retreat from food supermarkets, and to seek refuge in pharmacies.

Though the 1906 neither banned drugs let alone foods containing cocaine, that hardly deterred the Vatican's political campaign to push towards a nearly complete ban.  As for the idea of merchandising such products as over the counter (OTC) drugs, the Vatican had its political tools working to enact State level legislation banning such without a doctor's prescription.

One such prominent Vatican political puppet was New York State's Roman Catholic Al Smith, who pushed through legislation in Albany banning cocaine in any form without a prescription.

Never-mind the lumping together of dilute cocaine products and those with arguably problematic or dangerous levels of the drug and its dosing, such as many of the sniffing powers sold as catahhr relief.

Such was the pattern of all of this USDA-AMA-APhA "model legislation" being pushed against popular herbal drugs other than Tobacco Coffee and Tea, and of course alcohol.

Rather it was a song and dance of hype and hyperbole -- primarily of lurid sensationalistic "journalism" in newspapers -- preying upon negative public sentiment of xenophobia and racism in order to mask the true economic reasons that continually get obscured by the focus upon "race" up to this very day.

Such as that presented via the 1908 U.S. Congress Holmes Commission, and widely reported in newspapers which also published lurid sensationalistic accounts of Blacks on cocaine raping White women and or being imperious to police bullets.

Or most tellingly, the true underlying economic reasons of the emerging 20th century Tobacco-pharma political alliance, on display.  Not merely in the AMA-APhA propagandizing against herbal based proprietary medicines that were unpatentable, so slandered by the term "patent medicines" which actually correctly applied to the patentable synthetics of what we now call pharmaceuticals, as seen in Papist media outlets as Collier's Magazine and the media publishing empire of William Randolf Hearst.   But as well in the very publications of the USDA that marched in lock-step with such.  To wit: the USDA's own "Farmer's Bulletin" with its.April 20, 1910 article "Habit-Forming Agents: Their Indiscriminate Sale and Use A Menace to the Public Welfare" by L.F. Kebler:
During the last twenty years a large number of soft drinks containing caffein and smaller or greater quantities of coca leaf and kola nut products have been placed upon the market. Preparations of this class, on account of insufficient information, were formally looked upon as harmless, but they are now known to be an impending evil. Centuries before cocain was introduced as a remedial agent, wonderful accounts of the energy-creating properties of coca leaves were chronicled. The phenomenal endurance attributed to the Peruvians and others was often ascribed to the stimulating effects produced by the chewing of coca leaves, and this idea has been widely exploited. It is believed to some extent at present that the use of cocain taken internally produces a sense of exhilaration, and the amount of muscular and mental power appears to be temporarily increased. Impetus was given to this belief by the enthusiastic reports of this drug, published not only in medical literature but in the secular press as well.

Cocain is one of the most insidious and dangerous habit-forming drugs at present known. Many lives have been wrecked and many crimes have been committed as a result of its use, and strenuous efforts are being made to curtail its employment. The amount present in certain soft drinks is small, to be sure, but such an insidious, habit-forming drug certainly has no place whatsoever in these products. The presence of tropococain, an ally of cocain, has also been established. Not only is it pernicious to add cocain to soft drinks in any quantity (usually in the form of coca leaf extract), but even the use of coca leaf extract so manipulated as to reduce the amount of cocain, or eliminate it altogether, must be looked upon as a questionable practice, because any product or name which would suggest the presence of cocain or its allies, by taste or otherwise, must have a baneful influence. It is known that the very small amounts of morphine or cocain, or even the suggestion of their presence, will tend to destroy the equilibrium of reformed addicts and bring back the former craving.

The virtues of coca leaves and kola nuts have been exploited together, and it is only natural that they should be combined in preparations which would represent the purported virtues of both. Such combinations were made with the result that quite a number of so-called soft drinks now on the market contain both of the habit-forming agents, cocaine and caffeine. It was not uncommon to find persons addicted to the use of medicated soft-drinks. It is well-known fact that many factory employees, stenographers, typewriters, and others subjected to mental or nervous strain spend a large part of their earnings for drinks of this character.

In passing, it may be of interest to note that life insurance companies are considering the status of soft-drink habitués as future risks.

Various arguments have been advanced in justification of the use of caffeine and the extract of coca leaves, treated or otherwise, in soft drinks. It is a well known that parents, as a rule, withhold tea and coffee from their children, but having no knowledge of the presence of cocain, caffeine or other deleterious agents in soft drinks, they unwittingly permit their children to be harmed by their use. Manufacturers of drinks of this class, containing cocain, have been successfully prosecuted, for example, Koca Nola, Celery Cola, Wiseola, Pillsbury's Koke, Kola-Ade, Kos-Kola, Cafe-Coca, and Koke.
Of particular 'concern' to the USDA, 'was its use as a substitute for Tobacco.
There are quite a number of so-called tobacco habit cures on the market.
The USDA here wrote "so-called tobacco habit cures.." in refusing to acknowledge the utility it was here condemning, continuing:
All of them are ineffective, and some contain cocain in one form or another, which at once indicates the purpose of the promoter of the remedy. Instead of eradicating what is commonly believed to be a comparatively harmless habit, [SIC]there is grave danger of fastening a pernicious drug habit upon the user. Examples of preparations of this character recently examined and found to contain cocain and caffein derivatives are Coca-Bola, Tobacco Bullets, and Wonder Workers. The Coca Bola is marketed by Dr. Charles L. Mitchell, of "Philadelphia, and the Tobacco Bullets by the Victor Remedy Company, now the Blackburn Remedy Company, of Dayton, Ohio, while the Wonder Workers were produced by George S. Beck, of Springfield, Ohio.

That followed a January 1, 1910 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) 'Pharmacology' review (at pp 63-64 of Volume LIV, Number 1), “Coca Bola and Oxy-Tonic: Two Nostrums Exposed by the Chemists of the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station” by E.F. Ladd, a chemist at the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station
"We have recently had occasion to examine a sample of Coca Bola, a product labeled as having been produced by Charles L. Mitchell, M.D., Philadelphia, and the face label bears the following statement:
Each ounce contains 0.71 grams of cocain. A chewing paste of leaves of the cocoa [sic] plant, combined with other valuable tonics. The directions for use say coca-bola is made in the form of flat cakes or plugs divided into squares and should be used by chewing one of the small squares marked on the plug and swallowing the saliva.
They further say it should be used at occasional intervals as needed throughout the day. To get its full effect it will be necessary to use several squares. They further say:
"Although a powerful muscular or nervous tonic, coca-bola has no evil after-effects, and hence is far superior to any other stimulant in the material medica"
Now this information given out in the advertising which accompanies each package is, it would seem, intended to give the impression that this product is an entirely harmless one; in other words, that a preparation containing cocain as an active constituent, is to be generally recommended for use without any caution as to the harm that may come from forming a habit for cocain. They further say:
"A small portion chewed occasionally acts as a powerful tonic to the muscular and nervous system, enabling the chewer to perform additional labor, and also relieves fatigue and exhaustion without evil after effects. It contains no injurious ingredients and is perfectly harmless."
So we might quote from the circular which is sent out by a man who claims to be a physician, urging, as it were, on the people the use of a product of this kind, which, as has clearly been shown, must in the end result in the formation of the cocain habit, if not in the complete demoralization and degradation of the individual himself.

The laws of North Dakota prohibit the sale of any compound or product in the state which contains cocaine in any form. It further prohibits the refilling of a physician’s prescription that contains cocain, and yet a product of this kind, it would seem from information that has been gathered, is sold directly to the customer, although it is true that the proprietor of the product maintains that it is now sold only to physicians.
Note that State statute banning the refilling of a physician's prescription for any product containing cocaine- political huxtarism of politicians practicing medicine with out a license.

And note the special concern of Coca's use as a Tobacco habit cure: an outrageous disregard for the public health that would cost an upwards of 100 million lives through the market distortion of the war on better drugs to protect worse drugs.

Note what was acknowledged in U.S. Congressional deliberations between 1906 and 1914:
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2012/12/the-evil-prohibition-to-promote.html

Absent was any demonstration, only baseless presumption, that use of products as Coca-Bola resulted in a 'cocaine habit' of any greater legitimate public health concern than a 'caffeine habit' or a 'nicotine habit'.  Indeed at the COMMlTTEE ON lNTERSTATE AND FORElGN COMMERCE hearing on the Food and Drug Act, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, April 3, 1912, L.F. Kebler testified about Tobacco products:

http://books.google.com/books?output=text&id=dgE9AAAAYAAJ&dq=food+drugs+act&jtp=1 
Dr. Kebler. Yes; and investigation has shown that tobacco and preparations of tobacco contain arsenic and lead, due to the fact that there has been used in the growing of tobacco lead arsenate, a chemical to deter or kill certain pests. As a matter of fact, some tobacco contains a goodly quantity of arsenic.... We have not been able to go into that as fully as we would like. We know that tobacco is adulterated, but how generally it is adulterated we do not know.

Mr. Hamilton. I suppose you would be able to cite certain brands that are dangerous to health, would you not?

Dr. Kebler. I suppose most of them would be dangerous to health.
Get that.  Kebler knew Tobacco products contaned lead and arsenic from their methods of commercial agriculture, yet his "Habit-Forming Agents: Their Indiscriminate Sale and Use A Menace to the Public Welfare" concern about this Tobacco, was it being displaced by Coca - of course as the U.S.D.A.'s very mission from its onset was promoting domestic agriculture.
And note what was acknowledged in the U.S. Congress in 1914 during the debates on the Harrison Act:

... there are tens of thousands of people in the United States who die every year from the excessive use of cigarettes; and yet I find Senators still pulling away at the cigarette as though t were a perfectly harmless thing. I believe the Senator will agree with me that there are many thousands of people who die from what is called tobacco cancer, a cancerous growth affecting the throat from overuse of cigars; and we find perhaps 60 percent of the Senators pulling away at the cigar as unconcerned as though no one were dying as a result of these cigars...

U.S. Congress, Senator Porter James McCumber (R) North Dakota, August 15, 1914


'Negro Cocaine 'Fiends'" 
Distraction from enforcing pharma medical quackery - Tobacco protectionism

Such mercantilistic polices were apparent from the activities of the U.S. State Department towards cataloging and influencing the drug control policies of other nations.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/us-state-departments-opium-convention.html
Correspondence between U.S. Secretary of State Hamilton Wright and the various U.S. Ambassadors to each of the foreign countries show the results of a query he made to each regarding the drug laws in the respective countries, regarding Coca, Opium and their derivatives; the answers illustrated that no jurisdiction outside the United States had such laws against Coca, with any such prohibitive laws aimed only at refined cocaine in its various concentrated forms. France prohibited prescriptions for pure cocaine, it being noted that
“This drug should always be prescribed with an excipient either liquid or pulverulent, covering a medical treatment for a limited time.” [April 28, 1923 State Department Docs Letter 1908-1913 about laws in other countries]
Such laws recognized the importance of dosage- both the amount and the rate of absorption, which are moderated by the relatively “inert” binder substances, such anositol in pills.

Such correspondence also indicates the formal U.S. concern over the continued public sale of Coca preparations such as Vin Mariani, with different approaches for different countries. For instance, in a letter to U.S. Ambassador to then British-ruled Singapore, where Vin Mariani had an established market, and where the cocaine control laws specifically exempted such low potency preparations, Wright wrote:
Defer to local policy with the understanding that this is a long term concern which can be again addressed later.
That would be the goal of the anti-coca crusade’s second wave through the U.S. national government through the U.S. Department of State diplomatic campaigns at the 1908- Opium Conferences to ban coca in food and drug markets via restricting “cocaine” without any regard of the differentiating potencies between drinking Vin Mariani and injecting cocaine. While some nations – particularly those already familiar with products as Vin Mariani -- would object to re-writing their laws to ban coca products, and hence only re-write the laws to largely prohibit concentrated cocaine and the opiates, those unfamiliar with coca products were more easily swayed into banning them via confusion with isolated cocaine in highly concentrated doses. 
 Such was central to the U.S. efforts to deceive the Emperor of China:
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/us-state-department-deceives-chinas.html
While some nations – particularly those already familiar with products as Vin Mariani -- would object to re-writing their laws to ban coca products, and hence only re-write the laws to largely prohibit concentrated cocaine and the opiates, those unfamiliar with coca products were more easily swayed into banning them via confusion with isolated cocaine in highly concentrated doses.

This was evident with the efforts of U.S. officials to deceive China, where Vin Mariani and Coca and Coca preparations where generally unknown (and where there may have been no cocaine control laws at all); there, Wright directed the U.S. representatives to define cocaine simply as a drug that is injected and which has deleterious effects upon human health -- altogether bypassing the low potency use.— in an effort to promote cocaine control laws in China adopting an absolutist stance against cocaine and hence fail to exempt the Coca preparations. In a letter from “The Prince of Ching” to the U.S. State Department dated December 10, 1909:
The Hsing-Chuan-Yung reports that having been informed that western countries now have a drug called Cocaine which will satisfy the opium craving and which is even more injurious than opium, and that considerable quantities of this drug have been imported into Amoy, he inquired the Commissioner of Customs about the matter. The Commissioners replied as follows:
Cocaine is made in foreign countries from the I-shih-lo tree (Erythroxlon?). It is used to deaden pain and is classified as an anesthetic. If one takes Morphine he only experiences a little latitude and there may still be a chance to save him, but if one takes this drug his limbs lose all strength and he suffers from extreme depression. Its evil effects are greater than those of Morphine. A statement has been drawn up showing the importers of Cocaine during the last year.
The Taotai remarks that Morphine has just been prohibited: that Cocaine is a similar anesthetic; that on taking the drug the limbs of the user lose their strength and that it is administered by the hypodermic needle [emphasis added: the sole context to produce the symptoms of cocaine poisoning misleadingly presented in this correspondence as intrinsic with any use of the drug in any form] so that the skin and flesh of the victim suppurate and death finally ensues. Since it is worse than Morphine and the Taotai asks that Wai Wu Pu be requested to communicate with the Ministers of the different Pwers in reference to prohibiting the importation of the drug. On receipt of this report from Taotai the Viceroy at once ordered the Bureau of Foreign Affairs to investigate this matter thoroughly in conjunction with the Amoy Taotai and make a report. Their report is as follows:
“The Commissioner of Customs states that Cocaine is of materially different in its effects from Morphine, and that the British doctor Lien-ni has analyzed the drug and has pronounced it similar to Morphine in its effects, but more injurious. Therefore it ought to be prohibited and the regulations concerning Morphia should be applied to it in order to avoid the evil effects of the poison.”

“The Viceroy now therefore requests the Board of Foreign Affairs take into consideration measures for the prohibition of the drug.”
My Board observes that since Cocaine appears to be of the nature of Morphine and even more injurious that it ought to be prohibited in just the manner as Morphine. We now call Your Excellency’s attention to this matter and ask that instructions may be issued to all American merchants accordingly. Your Excellency is requested to send a reply by a necessary dispatch.

Seal of the Wai Wu Pu
Thus, for societies without exposure to Coca, cocaine was more easily defined as a drug in its worst context – administered by the hypodermic needle – whence it can be quite debilitating, by writing about it in a fashion as if these bad effects were intrinsic to the drug, that is, regardless of how taken, whether through drinking Coca or shooting cocaine.
Helping promote the Papal pharmaceutic agenda were the cyrpto-Romanist  'Protestants' who rejected the Bible's inunction to use the herbs of the earth, in favor of satan's favoring of the perversion of such and for synthetics.

Cryto Romanist 'Protestants' were so either by infiltration if not initially by design, most notably the organized 'Baptists' of the southeastern U.S. south east: an area initially cryto-Romanist Anglican, re-badged as 'Baptist' during the 1820s and 1830s.

Such cryto-Romanist 'Protestants' included Bishop Charles H. Brent, U.S. Episcopal Bishop in the Philippines.

They also included the legal minds present in the deliberations for the evolution of the U.S. drug control between 1906 and 1914 via "closing the loopholes" of the 1906 Act with new Federal legislation.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2012/12/the-evil-prohibition-to-promote.html

This was the racket lead to deliberation in the US Congress to evolve the 1906 Act into the 1914 Harrison 'Narcotics' Act.

 The kicker clause was "in the course of professional use only" - together with the granting of regulatory power to the U.S. Department of Treasury.

Since the Department of Treasury could the conceivably define what constituted professional medical practice and what did not, it could effectively enact a virtual prohibition, thereby disallowing physicians to prescribe such drugs.

One of these legal minds was a certain U.S. Congressman from the eastern shore of Maryland, present at deliberations regarding amending of the 1906 Act into what became the Harrison 'Narcotics' Act of 1914.

He resigns from Congress that same year, to become a Judge, and later a [Jesuit] Georgetown University law professor, and by 1919 founding the law firm that becomes perhaps the largest representative of the food and drug and Tobacco industries.  And as a Judge, participates in facilitating U.S Treasury Department CRIME of practicing (dictating) medicine without a license- via upholding Harrison Act's delegation of regulatory authority regarding non-refillable prescription scam.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2011/10/jh-covington-upheld-harrison-narcotic.html
To this day,the 1914+ Pharma-Tobacco 'Drug War' Market Protection Scheme - continues unabated as Rome's pharmacratic Inquisition.

It was established upon a morbid and illogical fear of 'cocaine' and opiates with no regard to the factors of a drug's form nor its dosage, often altogether confusing the drastically different modes of a drug's use, such as coca tea with cocaine injections, with such drugs set up as 'drugs of abuse and addiction' in contexts that any drug would be: in ultra concentrated forms and dosing.
 http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2008/03/drug-warriors-ignore-pharmacokinetics.html
It is combined with a dishonoring of natural herbal medicines - the plants given to us by God and their man-made preparations that present them in roughly the potencies that they exist in nature (via fear mongering over their most active ingredients made into ultra concentrated forms), that comes with a shift of medicine to both such refined and also altogether synthetic pharmaceuticals based upon coal tar petro-chemicals.
 http://southmallblogger.blogspot.com/2014/05/the-essence-of-quackery-1929-quote.html
It is self perpetuating.  Cocaine and opiates are now available only in ultra concentrated forms- with bulky Coca and Opium products gone and forgotten.   Thus cocaine and opiates are vilified as drugs of abuse, with opiates at best available only by prescription only pills.  Though such pills may be designed to thwart abuse with filler and binders to limit absorption, by nature as pills they are easily abusable as one can easily swallow multiple pills- thus 'justifying' a whole apparatus of policing and drug treatment that could be largely avoided if the drugs were instead made available in bulky beverage form.

It continued with the demonification of the herb Cannabis during the 1930s- in spite or because of its safety and efficacy, not only as an alternative to alcohol and tobacco but for its multitude of industrial and medicinal uses.  Cannabis, along with Opium and Coca was sold and used for a multitude of medicinal applications.  Today, cannabis has been found as an infinitely safer and more effective alternatives to pharmaceuticals for treating such conditions as epilepsy.  As such, the drug war constitutes a criminal racket designed to monopolize markets for man made chemicals.

And by design it protects the most toxic agricultural commodity and promoted the mass marketing of  such Tobacco as cigarettes with all sorts of chemical additives ironically unlabeled- with such and alcohol beverages ironically the two sole class of consumables exempted from retail ingredient labeling requirements by this drug control scheme- go figure!

The Bible Book of Genesis tells us we may use the herbs of the earth.

It says nothing against food or drug use per se,  warning only against excess and bad uses.

Yet we get all of these idiotic 'Christian' preachers professing that 'drugs' are evil based upon their legal status- lying about cannabis, neglecting the drug dosage concentration factor with cocaine and opiates, while giving a virtual free pass to countless man made coal tar petro chemical pharmaceuticals


In 1956 the U.S. made its drug market racket protection scheme into an outright inquisition with penalties clearly in violation of the 8th Amendment of its Constitution's ban on excessive penalties, via the 1956 Narcotics Control Act.  Its sponsor?  A cyrpto-Romanist purported "Baptist".

http://www.druglibrary.org/special/king/dhu/dhu16.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Price_Daniel

It is accompanied from the very start with an AMA-APhA campaign against so-called 'patent medicines' facilitating the entire shift to synthetic concentrated medicines.

What were the two main media promoters of this new drug market control scheme?



Let's not forget that it was the American Medical Association-American Pharmaceutical Association-USDA alliance of pharma and Tobacco.
http://freedomofmedicineanddiet.blogspot.com/2015/03/self-styled-quackbuster-jama-editor-dr.html

That it was propagated largely through a propaganda campaign by the pro Vatican publishing empire of William Randolf Hearts and Colliers magazine.

And that this campaign broke out mere months after the 2nd time that the Vatican had summoned Coca entrepreneur Angelo Francois Mariani to Rome to receive a gold papal medal declaring him a benefactor of humanity- shades of Godfather III.
http://continuingcounterreformation.blogspot.com/2014/10/the-plausible-falling-out-between.html

It was as if there had been some falling out between the Vatican and Mariani.

Perhaps over there revealing to him their plans for a St Bartholomew Days massacre plan of continuing counter reformation war revenge against Protestant norther Germany- given the sentiment of that time regarding the loss of Alsace Loraine.
http://continuingcounterreformation.blogspot.com/2015/01/mafia-pope-francis-sj-supports-crime.html

Given how the Vatican remains so pro-drug war to this very day, it is clear that it should be called the Vatican's Pharmacratic Inquisition, and thus the Roman Catholic Church should be the object of a massive human rights suit.

With regard to the USDA fear of Coca -- the safest natural stimulant herb -- being used to displace Tobacco -- the most deleterious one -- and the sharp rise in cigarettes of the latter in the wake of the 1906 and 1914 Acts, Rome's 20th century Pharmaceutic Inquisition created a market distortion allowing the mass popularization of the very product credited with over 100 million premature deaths during that century.


U.S. Cigarette production spiked with drug prohibition: 1906, 1914,1937;
coinciding with the crackdowns on Opium, Coca and Cannabis
(p230 Licit & Illicit Drugs Breecher)

Friday, June 26, 2015

Pope Francis S.J. Pretends That the RCC Was Innocent in the Holocaust[s]

Still NO discussion of the role of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly as guided by that 'last of the great roman generals' 26th Jesuit Superior General Wlodimir Ledochowski, in formulating the 20th century wars of the continuing counter reformation...



Pope Francis S.J. is surely the PR Pope
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/06/21/pope-francis-auschwitz_n_7632276.html

FRANCES D'EMILIO, Associated Press

ROME (AP) — Pope Francis on Sunday denounced what he calls the "great powers" of the world for failing to act when there was intelligence indicating Jews, Christians, homosexuals and others were being transported to death camps in Europe during World War II.

He also decried the deaths of Christians in concentration camps in Russia under the Stalin dictatorship, which followed the war.


The pope's harsh assessments came in impromptu remarks during his visit to Turin, northern Italy, when he told young people he understands how they find it hard to trust the world.

"The great powers had photographs of the railway routes that the trains took to the concentration camps, like Auschwitz, to kill the Jews, and also the Christians, and also the Roma, also the homosexuals," Francis said, citing the death camp in Poland. "Tell me, why didn't they bomb" those railroad routes?

Referring to concentration camps that came "a little later" in Russia, Francis wondered aloud: "How many Christians suffered, were killed" there?
Lamenting the cynicism of world players in the 1930s and 1940s, Francis said: "the great powers divided up Europe like a cake."

He also cited what he called the "great tragedy of Armenia" in the last century. "So many died. I don't know the figure, more than a million, certainly. But where were the great powers then? They were looking the other way," the pope said.

In April, the pope angered Turkey when he referred to the slaughter of Armenians by Turkish Ottomans as "genocide."

In today's world, he told the young people: "Everything is done for money." He criticized those advocating peace while manufacturing or selling arms.

Francis reiterated his view that conflicts in the world today are tantamount to "a Third World War in segments."
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Frances D'Emilio can be followed on Twitter at www.twitter.com/fdemilio