died August 19, 1914
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto (Pope Pius X),
Italian, part Polish,
died August 20, 1914
Polish father, Swiss mother
February 11, 1915
died December 13, 1942
Giacomo della Chiesa (Pope Benedict XV)
September 3, 1914 - January 22, 1922
February 6, 1922 - February 10, 1939
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (Pope Pius XII)
March 2, 1939 - October 9, 1958
Might have Wern and Pius X secretly favor starting WW1 for religious geopolitical reasons less extreme then Wlodimir Ledochowski?
For example, perhaps they favored the righteous cause of recreating an independent
But perhaps they did not favor nor plan the events of WW2, e.g. the murder of about the better 3rd of the Polish population, most of its Jewish peoples, 10s of millions of Eastern Orthodox, and at least 1 ½ million primarily Protestant eastern Germans amongst the 12+ million moved out from the lands of the Prussia that had jailed Mieczysaaw Ledochowski 70 years earlier.