It was recently stated in the United States Senate (February 16, 1888), in a debate on the bill for 'national aid in the establishment and temporary support of common schools,' . that a senator had showed to the speaker, who had read it with his own eyes, the original letter of a Jesuit priest. In this letter he begged a member of Congress to oppose the bill and kill it, saying that they had organized all over the country for its destruction, that they had succeeded in the Committee of the House, and that they would destroy the bill inevitably; and it is a fact that the bill, having three times passed the Senate in three different Congresses, each time with a larger vote in its favor, has been repeatedly smothered in the Committee of the House, by those who knew that there was a majority in the House in favor of the bill; and for six years the legislation of Congress has been [thus] arrested. "
The Roman Church largely controls the secular press of the country; and the leading "Protestant" religious papers, such as the New York Evangelist, the Christian at Work, the Christian Union, and the Independent, all pay nattering tribute to the papacy. The Evangelist, of March 29, 1888, acknowledges Cardinal Gibbons as its " only cardinal;" the Independent wishes Pope Leo XIII. "a long reign and Godspeed in his liberalizing policy;" Christian at Work salutes him as "Holy Father," and in the name of " the whole Chris- tian world " glorifies him as "this venerable man whose loyalty to God and zeal for the welfare of humanity are as conspicuous as his freedom from many errors and bigotries of his predecessors is remarkable;" and the Christian Union, January 26, 1888, acknowledges him as " a temporal prince " and "supreme pontiff. " NOTE ii. PAGE 573. "
These movements are apparent under diverse forms and in different ways, but the organization which embodies almost every form, and works in every way to gain its end, is the National Reform Association. It originated in a conference representing "eleven different denominations of Christians from seven of the States of the Union. "
It now has the support of prominent men from "all branches of the church," of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and the Prohibition party.
It proposes to have our national Constitution amended, " in order to constitute a Christian government," "acknowledging Almighty God as the source of all authority and power in civil government, the Lord Jesus Christ as the ruler among the nations, his revealed will as the supreme law of the laud;" and so placing "all Christian laws, institutions, and usages of our government on an undeniable legal basis in the fundamental law of the land." One of its propositions, announced by David Gregg, D. D., pastor Park Street Church,
Boston, is that the State has " the right to command the consciences of men." Another, announced by the Christian Statesman, is that government must "enforce upon all that come among us the laws of Christian morality." Another, announced by the Rev. E. B. Graham, is that ' ' if the opponents of the Bible do not like our government and its Christian features, let them go to some wild, desolate land; and, in the name of the devil, and for the sake of the devil, subdue it, and set up a government of their own on infidel and atheistic ideas, and then, if they can stand it, stay there till they die." Another, announced by Jonathan Edwards, D. D., is that Jews, and all Christians who keep the seventh day, are to be classed as atheists, and " must be treated, as for this [National Reform] question, one party " with atheists, who " cannot dwell together on the same continent " with the National Reform Christianity.
Anybody can see at a glance that the establishment of the National Reform theory of government would be but the establishment of a theocracy. And this is, in fact, what they propose to establish. They say that "a republic thus governed is of Him, through the people, and is as really and truly a theocracy as the government of Israel." A monthly reading of the National W. C. T. U., written by Miss Willard, on God in government, says: "A true theocracy is yet to come, [and] the enthronement of Christ in law and law-makers, hence I pray devoutly, as a Christian patriot, for the ballot in the hands of women." And in her annual address to the National W. C. T. U. Convention, of 1887, Miss Willard said: "The kingdom of Christ ' must enter the realm of law through the gateway of politics. There are enough temperance men in both [the Democratic and Republican parties] to take possession of the government and give us national prohibition in the party of the near future, which is to be the party of God.
We pray Heaven to give them no rest . until they shall . an oath of allegiance to Christ in politics, and march in one great army ' up to the polls to worship God.' .
I firmly believe that the patient, steadfast work of Christian women will so react on politics within the next generation that the party of God will be at the front." Now a man-made theocracy is only a scheme of government which puts man in the place of God. That is precisely the theory upon which the papacy was built, and that is just what the papacy is. The National Reform theory is identical with that of the papacy; therefore the establishment of the National Reform theory in this government will be but the setting up of a living image of the papacy. Advocating, as these parties are, the papal theory, it is not to be wondered at that they are anxious to secure the co-operation of the papacy In carrying their scheme to success. The Christian Statesman is the official organ of the National Reform Association, and in an editorial, December 1 1, 1884, that paper said: "We cordially, gladly, recognize the fact that in the South American republics, and in France and other European countries, the Roman Catholics are the recognized advocates of national Christianity, and stand opposed to all the proposals of secularism. .
Whenever they are willing to co-operate in resisting the progress of political atheism, we will gladly join hands with them. In a World's Conference for the promotion of national Christianity " which ought to be held at no distant day " many countries could be represented only by Roman Catholics. " And in that same paper, August 31, 1881, Rev. Sylvester Scovil said: "This common interest ["of all religious people in the Sabbath " " Sunday] ought both to strengthen our determination to work, and our readiness to co-operate in every way with our Roman Catholic fellow-citizens. We may be subjected to some rebuffs in our first proffers, and the time is not yet come when the Roman Church will consent to strike hands with other churches " as such; but the time has come to make repeated advances, and gladly to accept co-operation in any form in which they may be willing to exhibit it. It is one of the necessities of the situation. The nexus between the two great divisions of Christianity on questions of moral legislation is a thing worthy the consideration of our best minds and our men of largest experience in such affairs." In perfect accord with this is the Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII., 1885, which directs that " all Catholics should do all in their power to cause the constitutions of States, and legislation, to be modeled on the principles of the true church, and all Catholic writers and journalists should never lose sight, for an instant, from the view of the above prescriptions." Therefore as the purpose of the National Reform Association is identical \\ ith that of Rome, it is only to be expected that they should show a readiness to " gladly join hands. " And whenever Protestantism gains control of the civil power, whether with or without the aid of Rome, that will be but to erect an image of the papacy. NOTE 12. PAGE 578." There are still observers of the Bible Sabbath in Abyssinia. Joseph Wolff, in his journal for 1836, giving an. account of his visit to that country, says that "the Sabbath of the Jews, i. e., Saturday, is kept strictly among the Abyssiniaiis in the province of Hamazien."